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Home / MEDIHEALTH Program




Amidst the high disease burden, non-adherence to medications among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients had reported to be gnarly and devastating. Sarawak Pharmaceutical Services Division had formulated a pharmacist-led, multiple theoretical grounding, culturally sensitive and structured group-based program, namely “Know Your Medicine – Take if for Health” (MEDIHEALTH), to improve medication adherence among T2DM patients.



To improve the medication adherence among T2DM patients through enhancing their attitude, subjective norms, self-efficacy, skills, motivation, knowledge about the disease and medication, as well as addressing the common wrong perception about the medicines such as side effects, inferiority of generic medicines, misuse of traditional and complementary medicines.


Target audiences

T2DM patients who has problems to adhere with their medication both unintentionally or intentionally (Referred by Physician/Pharmacist). Notably, since this program emphasizes on cultural sensitivity, T2DM patients with same ethnicity and speak same native language will be grouped together.



The content of the program is available in Bahasa Malaysia, English and Mandarin. As aforementioned that this program emphasizes on cultural sensitivity, the facilitator will be communicating with the participants in native language that suits the audiences with same ethnicity and have same native language. For example, if the audiences are Iban T2DM patients, the content of the program will be in Bahasa Malaysia, while the facilitators who can speak Iban language will be facilitating the program.


Number of participants

12-24 per groups



3 hours, including 35 minutes of answering survey questionnaire before and after the program.


Content of the program:


The intervention mapping of MEDIHEALTH program is showed in Figure 1. The details of the program are available at Table 1. 



Figure 1: Intervention mapping based on Transtheoretical Model (Prochaska & Velicer 1997)

Source: Slater MD. Integrating application of media effects, persuasion, and behavior change theories to communication campaigns: A stages-of-change framework. Health Communication. 1999 Oct 1;11(4):335-54.

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