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PUBLIC HEALTH

PUBLIC HEALTH INSPECTORATE AND ENFORCEMENT UNIT

INTRODUCTION

The Public Health Inspectorate and Enforcement Unit or UIP (Unit Inspektorat dan Penguatkuasaan) was approved for implementation in the Ministry of Health Malaysia. The operationalization of the Unit however, is left to the State to implement. The operationalization of the Unit nonetheless, is very much constrained by manpower limitation. As such, the Unit has to be established based on existing manpower and financial resources. Therefore, there is a need to re-organize and restructure the existing manpower at the various levels viz: State, division, and district.

Therefore, this paper defines the implementation of UIP, especially in terms of its operationalization at the State, division and district levels.

OBJECTIVES

The objective of the Public Health Inspectorate and Enforcement Unit is to establish a coordinated and organized administration of the various public health laws under the auspices of the Ministry of Health. The setting up of the Unit will reflect professionalism, competence and quality excellence in the administration and enforcement of the public health laws.

Therefore, the bodies of officers and most appropriately the Environmental Health Officers and/or Assistant Environmental Health officers are required to establish this organizational structure and programme.

GENERAL FUNCTIONS

  1. To carry out enforcement activities for public health laws.
  2. To carry out supervision and evaluation of enforcement activities.
  3. To carry out auditing of the enforcement and implementation of public health laws.
  4. To establish a quality surveillance protocol.
  5. To establish a documentation and information system.
  6. To provide training which includes continuing professional development and other courses related to legal and enforcement activities.
  7. To identify human resource needs.
  8. To continually carry out research and development projects.

MANPOWER NEEDS AND OPERATIONAL STRATEGY

Preferably a senior person from among the Environmental Health Officers and/or Assistant Environmental Health Officers should head the UIP. This is because of the nature of work that requires greater experience, confidence, competence and capability.

At the State level, the Unit will be headed by the State Chief Environmental Health Officer. He will be responsible for the overall coordination and enforcement activities for the State. The UIP at the State level will be divided into two sub-units namely: Enforcement Operations; and Legal Affairs and Prosecution. These two sub-units each will be headed by an Environmental Health Officer or Chief Assistant Environmental Health Officer. These two sub-units reflect the nature and identical functions and activities at the division and district organizational structures even though the name of the unit at these two levels is slightly different. The functions and duties of the Chief Environmental Health Officer/Chief Assistant Environmental Health Officer are as below.

VISION, MISSION AND STRATEGIES

Vision

To advocate professionalism, efficiency and effectiveness of enforcement of public health laws of the Ministry of Health, especially for the State of Sarawak.

Mission

To Pursue and uphold a Public Health Enforcement programme:

  • That is well respected, structured, organized and total.
  • That reflects professionalism and integrity.
  • That enforces the Public Health Laws of the Ministry of Health towards the protection of society in Malaysia.

Strategies

  1. Ensure that all enforcement policies are implemented at all levels of the organization.
  2. Coordinate enforcement activities concurrently and uniformly throughout the State.
  3. Monitor the effectiveness of enforcement and prosecution.
  4. Carry out technical audit to the division and district to ensure compliance to SOP/MPK.
  5. Collect, collate and analyze data to ensure compliance to QAP standard established.
  6. Plan for manpower need and carry out training in related laws, prosecution and case investigation.
  7. Carry our research to determine methods that are appropriate in enforcement and prosecution activities to minimize on shortfalls and other operational problems.

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